Francisco Calvo Serraller
Galaxia Gutenberg, 2013
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The strong personality of Spanish art came to fruition in the 17th century, but, for various reasons, nobody noticed outside Spain, this phenomenon until the nineteenth century. In fact, until the trip Manet to Madrid in 1865 there was the final critical arc identified as the three highlights of Spanish art to El Greco, Velazquez and Goya .From then, no one avant-garde movement he was not influenced by the Spanish school, at least until the end of this century. Romanticism, realism, naturalism, and although partially, also with impressionism and symbolism.
Late rediscovery of El Greco left a mark on the genesis of expressionism and cubism of the first decade of the twentieth. Were two Spaniards, Picasso and Gris, who gave a more relevant for the Cubist momentum, like the German Expressionists or Central took into account the influence of Anglada Camarasa Zuloaga or very dear generally throughout Europe by 1900. it is also symptomatic that were Spanish artists such as Miró, Dalí, Buñuel or Oscar Dominguez, key figures of surrealism. So that the international fascination with the traditional Spanish art during the 19th century was followed by another, in this case based on the outstanding activity of the Spanish avant-garde artists.